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The New 7 Wonders of the World – A Complete List

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7 Wonders World

The New 7 Wonders of the World – A Complete List

The New 7 Wonders of the World: New 7 Wonders of the World (2000–2007) was a campaign started in 2000 to choose Wonders of the World from a selection of 200 existing monuments.7 Wonders World The popularity poll was led by Canadian-Swiss Bernard Weber and organized by the New 7 Wonders Foundation based in Zurich, Switzerland, with winners announced on 7 July 2007 in Lisbon.The New 7 Wonders Foundation claimed that more than 100 million votes were cast through the Internet or by telephone.

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In 2001, the Swiss corporation took an initiative to select the New 7 Wonders of the World from a list of 200 existing monuments in countries across the globe. 21 finalists were selected following the first round and the names were announced on January 1, 2006. The final 7 wonders of the world were selected by popular vote, and the results were announced on July 7, 2007. The Egyptians were not happy with the poll as they felt it was a disgrace for the age-old Great Pyramid of Giza to compete with recently built structures like the Sydney Opera House or the Statue of Liberty. Thus, the Great Pyramid Of Giza was assigned an honorary status in the list of the New 7 Wonders of the World. Here, we present the 7 wonders of the world.

1.Petra (Jordan)

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Declared a World Heritage Site in 1985, Petra was the capital of the Nabataean empire of King Aretas IV and likely existed in its prime from 9 B.C. to A.D. 40. The members of this civilization proved to be early experts in manipulating water technology, constructing intricate tunnels and water chambers, which helped create a pseudo-oasis. A number of incredible structures carved into stone, a 4,000-seat amphitheater and the El-Deir monastery have also helped the site earn its fame.7 Wonders World

Petra, a Jordanian wonder, is also enlisted among the 7 wonders of the world. It has immense archaeological, historical, and architectural value that makes it a jaw-dropping tourist attraction in Jordan. 7 Wonders World The water conduit system and the rock-cut architecture are the two most notable features of this ancient city. Petra is also nicknamed as the “Rose City” due to the stone color out of which it is carved.

2.  Great Wall of China

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The most famous of these walls is the one built by the first Chinese Emperor, Qin Shi Huang between 220 and 206 BCE. However, only ruins of this wall remain today. The majority of the walls existing now were built during the Ming Dynasty 1368–1644). According to a survey by the Archaeological Survey, the Ming walls extend for a distance of 8,850 km. 6,259 km part of this length is the actual wall, trenches make up 359 km, and rivers and hills (natural defensive barriers) comprise 2,232 km of this distance. The Great Wall of China is made up of bricks, stones, wood, tamped earth, wood as well as some other materials. Watchtowers, garrison stations, troop barracks, signaling methods further enhance the defensive characteristics of the Chinese wonder.

Built between the 5th century B.C. and the 16th century, the Great Wall of China is a stone-and-earth fortification created to protect the borders of the Chinese Empire from invading Mongols. The Great Wall is actually a succession of multiple walls spanning approximately 4,000 miles, making it the world’s longest man-made structure.

3.  Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico

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Chichen Itja also was known as the Temple of Kukulcan, is a Mesoamerican step-pyramid that dominates the center of the Chichen Itza archaeological site in the Mexican state of Yucatán. This is one of the 7 wonders of the world. The building is more formally designated by archaeologists as Chichen Itza Structure 5B18.Built by the pre-Columbian Maya civilization sometime between the 9th and 12th centuries CE, El Castillo served as a temple to the god Kukulkan, the Yucatec Maya Feathered Serpent deity closely related to the god Quetzalcoatl known to the Aztecs and other central Mexican cultures of the Postclassic period.

The pyramid consists of a series of square terraces with stairways up each of the four sides to the temple on top. Sculptures of plumed serpents run down the sides of the northern balustrade. During the spring and autumn equinoxes, the late afternoon sun strikes off the northwest corner of the pyramid and casts a series of triangular shadows against the northwest balustrade, creating the illusion of a feathered serpent “crawling” down the pyramid. The event has been very popular, but it is questionable whether it is a result of a purposeful design. Each of the pyramid’s four sides has 91 steps which, when added together and including the temple platform on top as the final “step”, produces a total of 365 steps (which is equal to the number of days of the Haab’ year).

The structure is 24 m (79 ft) high, plus an additional 6 m (20 ft) for the temple. The square base measures 55.3 m (181 ft) across.

4.  Machu Picchu, Peru

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Machu Picchu is a 15th-century Inca citadel situated on a mountain ridge 2,430 meters (7,970 ft) above sea level. It is located in the Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu District in Peru, above the Sacred Valley, which is 80 kilometers (50 mi) northwest of Cuzco and through which the Urubamba River flows. Machu Picchu, an Incan city of sparkling granite precariously perched between 2 towering Andean peaks, is thought by scholars to have been a sacred archaeological center for the nearby Incan capital of Cusco. Built at the peak of the Incan Empire in the mid-1400s, this mountain citadel was later abandoned by the Incas. The site remained unknown except to locals until 1911, when it was rediscovered by archaeologist Hiram Bingham. The site can only be reached by foot, train or helicopter; most visitors visit by train from nearby Cusco.7 Wonders World

The dream destination of millions of people across the world, Machu Picchu, is one of the seven wonders of the world. According to the majority of archaeologists, the Inca emperor Pachacuti built Machu Picchu as an estate at around 1450. The site developed as a city but was abandoned a century later during the Spanish Conquest. The site remained largely unknown to the rest of the world till its discovery by the American explorer Hiram Bingham. Machu Picchu is the best representation of the Incan way of life. Its architecture represents the Incan style. The three significant structures of the site are the Temple of the Sun, the Inti Watana, and the Room of the Three Windows.

5.  Taj Mahal, Agra, India

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The symbol of love, the ivory-white mausoleum of marble, the Taj Mahal, is well known across the world for its historical value, its tale of love, and stunning beauty. It truly deserves to be one of the seven wonders of the world. The Taj Mahal is located in India’s historic city of Agra.

7 Wonders World The tomb is the centerpiece of a 42-acre complex, which includes a mosque and a guest house, and is set in formal gardens bounded on three sides by a crenelated wall.

Construction of the mausoleum was essentially completed in 1643 but work continued on other phases of the project for another 10 years. The Taj Mahal complex is believed to have been completed in its entirety in 1653 at a cost estimated at the time to be around 32 million rupees, which in 2015 would be approximately 52.8 billion rupees (US$827 million). The construction project employed some 20,000 artisans under the guidance of a board of architects led by the court architect to the emperor, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri.

Today, it attracts 7 to 8 million annual visitors to Agra.

6.  The Colosseum, Rome, Italy

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Rome’s, if not Italy‘s, most enduring icon is undoubtedly its Colosseum. Built between A.D. 70 and 80 A.D., it was in use for some 500 years.This is one of the 7 wonders of the world. The elliptical structure sat nearly 50,000 spectators, who gathered to watch the gladiatorial events as well as other public spectacles, including battle reenactments, animal hunts, and executions. Earthquakes and stone-robbers have left the Colosseum in a state of ruin, but portions of the structure remain open to tourists, and its design still influences the construction of modern-day amphitheaters, some 2,000 years. laterThe Colosseum could hold, it is estimated, between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators, having an average audience of some 65,000; it was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles.7 Wonders World

The Colosseum’s original Latin name was Amphitheatrum Flavium, often anglicized as Flavian Amphitheater. The building was constructed by emperors of the Flavian dynasty, following the reign of Nero. This name is still used in modern English, but generally, the structure is better known as the Colosseum. In antiquity, Romans may have referred to the Colosseum by the unofficial name Amphitheatrum Caesareum (with Caesareum an adjective pertaining to the title Caesar), but this name may have been strictly poetic as it was not exclusive to the Colosseum; Vespasian and Titus, builders of the Colosseum, also constructed an amphitheater of the same name in Puteoli (modern Pozzuoli).

Today, this wonder of the world is a popular tourist attraction and serves as the iconic symbol of Imperial Rome.

7.  Christ the Redeemer Statue, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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A symbol of Christianity, the religion with most followers in the world, and the cultural icon of Brazil, the Art Deco-styled statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro is one of the 7 wonders of the world. The credit of building the statue goes to Paul Landowski, the French sculptor. The Romanian sculptor, Gheorghe Leonida, fashioned the face. Engineers Caquot and Costa built the statue. The sculpture, named as “Christ the Redeemer” is 98 feet tall, has a 26-feet tall pedestal, and arms that stretch 92 feet wide. The 635 metric ton statue, made of soapstone and concrete, is located atop the 2,300 feet tall Corcovado mountain. The statue is 30 meters (98 ft) tall, not including its 8-meter (26 ft) pedestal, and its arms stretch 28 meters (92 ft) wide. By comparison, it is approximately two-thirds the height of the Statue of Liberty’s height from base to torch.The construction of the statue was initiated in 1922 and completed by 1931.

7 Wonders World The Art Deco-style Christ the Redeemer statue has been looming over the Brazilians from upon Corcovado mountain in an awe-inspiring state of the eternal blessing since 1931. The 130-foot reinforced concrete-and-soapstone statue was designed by Heitor da Silva Costa and cost approximately $250,000 to build – much of the money was raised through donations. The statue has become an easily recognized icon for Rio and Brazil.